What is Autism?
Autism a lifelong neuro-developmental difference that affects the development of the brain in areas of social interaction and communication.
People with autism have differences in communicating and forming relationships with people, in addition to developing language and using abstract concepts. This then impacts the way that they make sense of the world around them.
It is often referred to as a ‘hidden’ condition, this is because people who are on the autism spectrum show no significant physical difference to their peers. Typically, it is their behaviour that appears different to others.
Autism effects each person differently, but there are some common characteristics. These can include the following:
- Differences in the way that they express wants/needs/emotions
- Differences in understanding non-verbal cues & gestures
- Tendency to interpret language in literal ways
- Apparent lack of interest in interaction
- Limited use of gestures
- Differences in conversational turn-taking
- Differences in their use of eye contact
- Extreme comfort in same & reliance on routines
- Intense and limited interests
- Stereotyped or repetitive movements such as rocking, flapping hands, walking in lines
- Over or under sensitivity to sensory experiences (e.g. sounds, smells, lights, etc.)
Autism is often referred to as a spectrum. This is because the characteristics can present themselves in a wide variety of combinations and can range from mild to more pronounced. Therefore, two people with the same diagnosis can act very differently from one another and have varied skills. Some children will grow up and require significant supports into adulthood, others will need nothing more than acceptance.
Our therapists have been specialising in supporting children, as well as families, living with autism for over two decades. We are available to provide diagnostic assessments and a range of support services to help your child reach his or her potential.
Early Intervention for Autism
Early intervention is very important for autistic children to ensure that development is supported effectively.
For more information on early intervention please visit Early Intervention for Autism.